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3.2.7 Text features

MathGL prints text by vector font. There are functions for manual specifying of text position (like Puts) and for its automatic selection (like Label, Legend and so on). MathGL prints text always in specified position even if it lies outside the bounding box. The default size of font is specified by functions SetFontSize* (see Font settings). However, the actual size of output string depends on subplot size (depends on functions SubPlot, InPlot). The switching of the font style (italic, bold, wire and so on) can be done for the whole string (by function parameter) or inside the string. By default MathGL parses TeX-like commands for symbols and indexes (see Font styles).

Text can be printed as usual one (from left to right), along some direction (rotated text), or along a curve. Text can be printed on several lines, divided by new line symbol ‘\n’.

Example of MathGL font drawing is:

int sample(mglGraph *gr)
{
  gr->SubPlot(2,2,0,"");
  gr->Putsw(mglPoint(0,1),L"Text can be in ASCII and in Unicode");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,0.6),"It can be \\wire{wire}, \\big{big} or #r{colored}");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,0.2),"One can change style in string: "
  "\\b{bold}, \\i{italic, \\b{both}}");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,-0.2),"Easy to \\a{overline} or "
  "\\u{underline}");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,-0.6),"Easy to change indexes ^{up} _{down} @{center}");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,-1),"It parse TeX: \\int \\alpha \\cdot "
  "\\sqrt3{sin(\\pi x)^2 + \\gamma_{i_k}} dx");

  gr->SubPlot(2,2,1,"");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,0.5), "\\sqrt{\\frac{\\alpha^{\\gamma^2}+\\overset 1{\\big\\infty}}{\\sqrt3{2+b}}}", "@", -4);
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,-0.5),"Text can be printed\non several lines");

  gr->SubPlot(2,2,2,"");
  mglData y;  mgls_prepare1d(&y);
  gr->Box();  gr->Plot(y.SubData(-1,0));
  gr->Text(y,"This is very very long string drawn along a curve",":k");
  gr->Text(y,"Another string drawn under a curve","T:r");

  gr->SubPlot(2,2,3,"");
  gr->Line(mglPoint(-1,-1),mglPoint(1,-1),"rA");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,-1),mglPoint(1,-1),"Horizontal");
  gr->Line(mglPoint(-1,-1),mglPoint(1,1),"rA");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,0),mglPoint(1,1),"At angle","@");
  gr->Line(mglPoint(-1,-1),mglPoint(-1,1),"rA");
  gr->Puts(mglPoint(-1,0),mglPoint(-1,1),"Vertical");
  return 0;
}

Example of text printing

You can change font faces by loading font files by function loadfont. Note, that this is long-run procedure. Font faces can be downloaded from MathGL website or from here. The sample code is:

int sample(mglGraph *gr)
{
  double h=1.1, d=0.25;
  gr->LoadFont("STIX");     gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h), "default font (STIX)");
  gr->LoadFont("adventor"); gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-d), "adventor font");
  gr->LoadFont("bonum");    gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-2*d), "bonum font");
  gr->LoadFont("chorus");   gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-3*d), "chorus font");
  gr->LoadFont("cursor");   gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-4*d), "cursor font");
  gr->LoadFont("heros");    gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-5*d), "heros font");
  gr->LoadFont("heroscn");  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-6*d), "heroscn font");
  gr->LoadFont("pagella");  gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-7*d), "pagella font");
  gr->LoadFont("schola");   gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-8*d), "schola font");
  gr->LoadFont("termes");   gr->Puts(mglPoint(0,h-9*d), "termes font");
  return 0;
}

Example of font faces





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